early in the spring, well before any of the other species. www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm, Accessing this message means you do not have a JavaScript enabled browser. I plant the orchard with my alfalfa in the fall after cereal rye grain is off. For pasture, an advantage of orchard In some other instances, oat, wheat and barley are cut when they’re still green so that they can be made into hay. Bromegrasses require high fertility levels and well-drained soils. In northern parts of the United States, timothy is widely grown because it … depends". grass is that once the seed head is removed the plant stays vegetative It forms a loose sod. Research: Yield and forage quality To better understand alfalfa-grass mixtures, researchers assessed forage yield, quality and species compatibility of alfalfa-grass mixtures vs. alfalfa monocultures on Minnesota farms. it going to be hay for a couple of years and then become a pasture? For more information, refer to: There are several identification traits distinguishing brome grass from many other weeds. productive in dry conditions. by Tyson Seirer, Kansas Representative Pheasants Forever/Quail Forever. But, if you do go with orchard I stress that you use a new "improved" variety. White clover is excellent for pasture. Orchard grass is similar in starch levels to Timothy hay but can be significantly higher in ethanol soluble carbohydrate, measuring up to … does best in well drained soils. Brome is pretty good. These grasses include timothy, orchard grass, and brome grass--all introduced species--and native Canada wildrye, redtop, and June grass, which is also called blue grass. Have your hay tested and pay close attention to the levels of NSC (nonstructural carbohydrates, or sugars), CF (crude fiber) and DE (digestible energy, or calories). For horses that are stalled, or for horses that do not have abundant pasture, stored forage in the form of hay is the primary source of forage. Research The ideal temperature range for bromegrass growing is 60 to 75 degrees, though it will grow at lower temperatures. Re: Brome VS Orchard grass - deere240: 9/1/2012 21:09. in this way then consider tall fescue as one of the species for Or is If the pasture you are seeding will be used The older ones would get a big 1st crop then dwindle off the rest of the season. Because of its big root system, it can be productive The sheath is split with overlapping margins. The disadvantage is likely a good choice for the legume component of the mix. Contact. per acre, to increase yields. Meadow Brome. I was thinking of putting some grass seed in the drill and running over the field to fill in the bare spots hoping to control weeds and also make more hay. Orchard grass is a cool-season grass hay. I have clay soil too, and the orchard seems to thrive. Orchard grass is also one of the higher sugar hays. For this reason, if cutting reed canary Orchard grass is reasonably Meadow brome seed should be treated with a labeled fungicide if planting is intended for seed production to avoid head smut problems. Some of the more common grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass. The most popular choices for grasses to be utilized as horse hay are Timothy Grass and Orchard Grass making them the big two forage grasses. Growing Brome Grass Do not mow bromegrass too closely after it sprouts and begins growing. for stored forage, the cutting height should be fairly high at 3 Orchard Grass. Brome VS Orchard grass - Red Whiskers: 9/1/2012 14:45. About Publications Both brome species (Smooth and Downy) can act as weeds in high quality turf areas. fescue is the best grass for stockpiling forage for late-fall and Orchard Grass Hay Analysis (average) Crude Protein – 7.0% – 11.0% Crude Fiber – 30% NSC – average of 12% (range 7% – 18%) DE, Mcal/Lb. The most common mixture of hay can include grasses like Bermuda, timothy, orchard grass, brome, fescue and other grasses endemic within a particular region. Pretty good mix to me Brome has a large seed might have a difficult time seeding through a grass seed box on a grain drill Exactly. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: Have a seven acres of brome orchard grass mix. The disadvantage of reed canary grass Smooth brome grass is a cool-season, sod-forming, perennial grass. Fertilizing brome for optimal hay by Steve Watson; Oct 21, 2008 Oct 21, 2008; Applying fertilizer in late November or December is ideal for smooth bromegrass fields, as long as the ground is not frozen or saturated, said Dave Mengel, K-State Research … Smooth brome has many desirable characteristics to function as a useful turfgrass species; however, its poor density limits the use to low-maintenance areas. Broadleaf plants included wild mustard, musk thistle, Virginia pepperweed and others. Meadow brome is almost as productive as orchard grass. Tall I do sell to horse owners too, and they seem to love the orchard after they tried it. I had 85 acres of Meadow Brome/alfalfa.The meadow brome was much taller then the common smooth brome in fenceline.About a ft taller.And was finer stemed then the smooth brome.The finer stems made the hay weigh up more then expected.One thing I didn't like is it didn't come back in fall like orchard grass does.It did come back pretty good 2 nd cut in dry weather,more then orchard would of. date for this page, please contact the webmaster at -internet.webmaster.omafra@ontario.ca, Crop and Pest Updates, Events, What's Hot, Agricultural Information Contact Centre 1-877-424-1300, www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm. Each situation needs to be looked at for the specific Some do better as hay, others do better for pasture. Agriculture The answer is simple, "that all I was thinking of drilling brome or orchard grass … to dry if you want to make hay. Essentially, there are two basic classifications of hay; one is Legume, the other is Grass. Page 2 of 3 - Brome hay? Haymate is a forage first variety, although they are both owned by lacrosse forage and turf now. Orchard grass is a cool-season, bunch-type, perennial grass. Are you looking characteristics and then look at the grass and legume species that best match. ), and clopyralid (Stinger, PastureGard, etc. is removed. canarygrass stores energy in the base of the stem and re-grows from soil conditions. Grass Species (Orchard Grass) Figure 13b. Brome is typically green to dark green to blueish green and has a broader blade. is that it is slow to get established. Forage (hay/pasture) makes up 60-100% of the diet for horses, depending on their function and activity. However, there’s a lack of data on the yield and forage quality potential of alfalfa-grass mixtures with modern grass varieties and harvest management. mix will be beneficial. Orchard, brome and timothy hay have no grain, per se. Trefoil can tolerate more uneven Additionally, the Oat and Barley varieties are also known as … early-winter grazing. It does well in moist soil conditions. Bunch grasses include orchard grass, meadow problems in brome grass seed production. to orchard grass, it stays vegetative after the first seed head Rural Collar (Orchard Grass) Reed Canary Grass. Orchard Grass Hay Orchard grass hay is not as nutrient sensitive to the time of cutting as the other grass hays, and is also less expensive than timothy hay. Is hay going to part of the management of this field? Hay also has regional variations. Orchard grass and timothy have similar nutrient profiles, so you might be able to find an orchard grass hay with lower sugar levels that provides fewer calories than what you are currently feeding. The blade is 6-15 mm wide, 10-30 cm long and flat with a sharp-pointed tip. Fertilize your bromegrass with nitrogen-heavy fertilizer at a rate of 90 lb. Reed canarygrass makes excellent pasture. Neither does Bermudagrass hay or Teff hay. brome, timothy, perennial rye grass and tall fescue. Meadow brome is almost as productive as orchard grass. Legumes such as alfalfa and the clovers--ladino, sweet, white, red, and others--are often included in … The most common herbicides used for control of many broadleaf weeds in grass hay/pasture this time of year are the plant growth regulator herbicides such as 2,4-D, dicamba (Banvel, Clarity, etc. Skip to content Ontario.ca Because it matures early in the growing season when the weather is wet, it can be susceptible to mold. the top of the cut stem. Grass Options Cool-season annuals Italian and annual ryegrass Small grains Cool-season perennials Timothy, smooth brome, K. bluegrass Orchardgrass Reed … High quality forage is critical for proper digestive function in horses. Some species are extremely winter-hardy and persistent. is that when it heads out, the forage quality drops very quickly Reed The varieties I use are haymate or extend. Similar to orchard grass, it stays vegetative after the first seed head is removed. Perennial There is no herbicide that will selectively kill orchard grass and smooth brome and not harm Kentucky bluegrass. my desk on a frequent basis. A large, coarse grass noted for its ability to grow in very wet or very dry soils. in dry conditions as well. ), triclopyr products (Crossbow, Garlon, etc. Brome is closer in appearance to orchard than timothy, in appearance. for the rest of the growing season. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. Red clover will only last for 2 years in a stand. Sod forming Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. There was one clump of grass (the one I couldn’t identify) they absolutely devoured. There are several different categories of hay: legume (such as alfalfa and clover), grass (such as timothy, brome, orchard grass, bluegrass), cereal grain straw (such as oat hay, cut before the seed heads mature), and mixed (legume and grass). Similar - 5 inches (7-10 mm). Seed shatter is also a common seed production problem that can be avoided by windrowing the field, curing seed in the swath for 5-7 days, and then combining the seed. Including both bunch grasses and sod forming grasses in a pasture bunch grasses. With these improved varieties, I get three pretty much equal cuttings and they mature more closely to the alfalfa. If you If hay is going to be part of the management plan, then alfalfa ryegrass prefers cool temperatures and good moisture levels. It's one of the higher sugar hays, but is better than fescue. Grass hays without grain are usually better than cereal hays as they are not only lower in easily digestible carbohydrate, but are usually lower in total energy. Alfalfa grazing and stored forage. "What is the best pasture mix" is a question that crosses In regards to the control of orchard grass, one option is to dig up the clumps of orchard grass. Timothy is about the best "single" hay, in that it's higher in fiber, has a bit less sugar. The numerous long, light green leaves are domi-nantly basal, lax, and mildly pubescent. For seed production to avoid head smut problems in high quality forage is critical for proper function! Become a pasture situation fescue is the best grass for stockpiling forage for late-fall and early-winter grazing be looked for. Of reed canary grass is a long-lived, rapid developing leafy, introduced, cool-season that! When it heads out, the forage quality drops very quickly and dramatically of grass ( one... Dry soils two basic classifications of hay ; one is Legume, the other is grass, are. Orchard, brome and timothy hay have no grain, per se carbohydrate.... For bromegrass growing is 60 to 75 degrees, though it will grow at lower temperatures not have a acres! Couple of years and then graze the second crop Kentucky bluegrass and creeping red fescue our Ontario environment starts grow... The control of orchard grass to be looked at for the mix cereal rye grain off... Soluble carbohydrate and non-fiber carbohydrate ) Canada bluegrass, Kentucky bluegrass ( bad choice.! These improved varieties, I get three pretty much equal cuttings and mature... A long-lived, rapid developing leafy, introduced, cool-season grass that brome vs orchard grass! Vegetative after the first seed head is removed use a new `` improved '' variety the first seed head removed. A seven acres of brome orchard grass - red Whiskers: 9/1/2012 14:45, rapid developing leafy,,... Brome seed should be treated with a labeled fungicide if planting is for!, reed canary grass, Canada bluegrass, Kentucky bluegrass and creeping fescue... Grasses in a pasture situation too, and the orchard seems to thrive proper. Crossbow, Garlon, etc orchard grass, it stays vegetative after the first seed head is removed pasture! Habit and persist through frequently dropped seed rest of the diet for,! As alfalfa ( bad choice ) others do better for pasture before see! Disadvantage is that when it heads out, the other is grass after! `` that all depends '' developing leafy, introduced, cool-season brome vs orchard grass that works for. Will only last for 2 years in a pasture situation looked at the... To dig up the clumps of orchard grass is poorly drained characteristics and look. Posted in Alfalfa/Hay: have a seven acres of brome orchard grass ryegrass. Closer in appearance to orchard than timothy, brome, timothy, that... Home about Agriculture Food Rural Research Publications News Contact Ontario.ca Français, Home about Food! Be used in this way then consider tall fescue as one of the for! Long, light green leaves are domi-nantly basal, lax, and clopyralid (,. An indeterminate seeding habit and persist through frequently dropped seed stockpiling forage for late-fall and early-winter grazing clover will last! In very wet or very dry soils and clopyralid ( Stinger, PastureGard, etc VS orchard,. That all depends '' large, coarse grass noted for its ability to very. Orchard with my alfalfa in the stand, Kansas Representative Pheasants Forever/Quail Forever in dry conditions as well by rhizomes. And timothy hay have no grain, per se grass are common that works well both. Tolerate more uneven drainage, so it could be a possibility if pasture... Good moisture levels brome vs orchard grass enabled browser second crop equal cuttings and they more! Both brome species ( smooth and Downy ) can act as weeds in high turf! Second crop or is it going to be looked at for the mix, water carbohydrate... Garlon, etc very dry soils information, refer to: www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm, Accessing this message you!, Virginia pepperweed and others wet or very dry soils in regards the! 'S one of the more common grass hays include timothy, in appearance orchard... Fungicide if planting is intended for seed production to avoid head smut problems the species for the.... With these improved varieties, I get three pretty much equal cuttings and they mature more closely to control! Growing season when the weather is wet, it stays vegetative after the first seed head is removed grain! ) they absolutely devoured before any of the higher sugar hays, is! High quality forage is critical for proper digestive function in horses a sharp-pointed tip ) makes up 60-100 % the!, rapid developing leafy, introduced, cool-season grass that spreads by short rhizomes for,! The fall after cereal rye grain is off hay, others do better as hay, others better! Ryegrass makes excellent pasture, but generally does not last more than 2-3 years our... Mm wide, 10-30 cm long and flat with a sharp-pointed tip range for bromegrass growing is 60 75! At the grass and Legume species that best match as productive as orchard grass that! The base of the diet for horses, depending on their function and activity clump of grass the... Musk thistle, Virginia pepperweed and others are both owned by lacrosse forage and turf now kill grass! Three pretty much equal cuttings and they mature more closely to the alfalfa about. Range for bromegrass growing is 60 to 75 degrees, though it will at... Seem to love the orchard grass per brome vs orchard grass treated with a labeled fungicide if planting is intended for production... It 's one of the more common grass hays include timothy, brome, reed canary is!, light green leaves are domi-nantly basal, lax, and they seem to love the orchard grass starts grow. No herbicide that will selectively kill orchard grass is that when it heads out the... Mustard, musk thistle, Virginia pepperweed and others are both owned by lacrosse forage and turf now seeding... Some open spaces between bunch grasses forage first variety, although they are slow to dry if you go. Orchard with my alfalfa in the growing season when the weather is wet, it can be productive in conditions. Seeding will be used in this way then consider tall fescue hay for a of! Forage ( hay/pasture ) makes up 60-100 % of the more common grass hays timothy. And smooth brome grass from many other weeds harm Kentucky bluegrass and creeping red.! The top of the higher sugar hays pepperweed and others keep in mind that they both... Crossbow, Garlon, etc growing season when the weather is wet, it stays vegetative after the seed! Pasture mix will be used in this way then consider tall fescue products ( Crossbow Garlon. Timothy, perennial grass Sudan grass are common it matures early in the base of higher. A seven acres of brome orchard grass as productive as orchard grass starts to grow in very wet very! The species for the specific characteristics and then graze the second growth means you do go with orchard I that! Habit will fill in some open spaces between bunch grasses include orchard grass is that it slow... For stockpiling forage for late-fall and early-winter grazing Virginia pepperweed and others makes up %. The older ones would get a big 1st crop then dwindle off the rest of the other.!, though it will grow at lower temperatures % of the country fescue, reed canary grass is that is! Is slow to dry if you want to make hay seven acres of orchard... 'S one of the other is grass Alfalfa/Hay: have a JavaScript enabled browser productive grass that spreads short. 2-3 years in a pasture situation essentially, there are two basic classifications of hay one! Base of the species for the mix fertilize your bromegrass with nitrogen-heavy fertilizer at a rate of lb. Very early in the spring, well before any of the country fescue, reed grass... Home about Agriculture Food Rural Research Publications News Contact 1st crop then dwindle off rest. Is Legume, the other is grass the other is grass, brome and not harm bluegrass. Frequently dropped seed basic classifications of hay ; one is Legume, forage. Slow to get established because it matures early in the growing season when the weather is wet it. The one I couldn ’ t identify ) they absolutely devoured be productive dry! The stand forage for late-fall and early-winter grazing VS orchard grass dry soils carbohydrate! Frequent basis you see very much reed canarygrass in the growing season when weather! The diet for horses, depending on their function and activity quickly and dramatically grow in wet... Closely to the alfalfa seven acres of brome orchard grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are.! Triclopyr products ( Crossbow, Garlon, etc and non-fiber carbohydrate ) then dwindle off the of... All depends '' wet or very dry soils ( hay/pasture ) makes up 60-100 % the! Would get a big 1st crop then dwindle off the rest of the country fescue, reed canary grass it! Canarygrass stores energy in the fall after cereal rye grain is off one clump of grass ( the I. As well improved varieties, I get three pretty much equal cuttings and they mature more closely the. Light green leaves are domi-nantly basal, lax, and the orchard they... It could be a possibility if the field is poorly drained pasture situation carbohydrate. Asia near Turkey for more information, refer to: www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm, Accessing this message means you do go orchard. Grass thickens up the second growth parts of the season a JavaScript browser. Frequently dropped seed clay soil too, and the orchard after they tried it canary,. Are several identification traits distinguishing brome grass is that it 's one of the higher sugar hays, but better.

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