Print. In his 1841 work The Essence of Christianity, the German anthropologist and philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1872) presented a “projection theory” of religion. “The task of the modern era was the realization and humanization of God – the transformation and dissolution of theology into anthropology.” ― Ludwig Feuerbach, Principles of the Philosophy of the Future tags: anthropology, humanization, modern-era, science, theology 11 likes He says in his famous Phenomenology of Spirit: “History, is a conscious, self-meditating process—Spirit emptied out into Time—.”[4] Inherent in this idea is the belief that history is ultimately progressive, i.e., if there were a line graph measuring how reasonable our societal beliefs and systems are over time, its slope would be positive (although the line would by no means be perfectly straight, as we often dip into regression for short periods). The Holy Spirit is the expression of love between God the Father and God the Son, the bases of religious emotive desires and an objectified religion. Thou art simply too cowardly or too narrow to confess in words what thy feeling tacitly affirms…thou art terrified before the religious atheism of thy heart. Using “feeling” to mean the way in which man senses his own divinity, Feuerbach describes the process by which one denies this feeling and instead projects it onto an outward object (God): Thou art simply too cowardly or too narrow to confess in words what thy feeling tacitly affirms…thou art terrified before the religious atheism of thy heart. Hi everyone! He scorned the very notion of faith, believing it to be an enemy of reason and empiricism: “I differ toto ceolo from those philosophers who pluck out their eyes that they may see better; for my thought I require the sense, especially sight; I found my ideas on materials which can be appropriated only through the activity of the senses.”[8] This necessity of the senses for Feuerbach is key in understanding his ideas, as he takes for granted that only man can be observed through use of the senses, and God cannot. Ralph Manheim. 1851. p. 241. He studied theology at Heidelberg and Berlin and then, in 1825, under the influence of G. W. F. Hegel, transferred to the faculty of philosophy. New York: Harper & Row. [6] Freud, Sigmund. James Strachey. Are we not living in an era of unprecedented neuroticism? God’s power is a projection of human sense of finitude and vulnerability God’s presence is a projection of human sense of loneliness and mutual separation God’s Trinitarian nature is a projection of the human need to be whole through being an "I" participating in, though distinct from, a "Thou" George Eliot. Gods did not exist in reality, but only in “the dream of the human mind.”. 5 Here, then, is what Barth finds at the heart of Feuerbach's posi … Anselm gained popularity as the first Protestant to be elected to a chair at the Catholic dominated University of Bavaria. Contents . This means that our words, our defense of the faith, and our explication of the gospel, although they be indispensable, must always be accompanied by a life of action and integrity. Trans. As previously stated, Feuerbach’s arguments are quickly undone when his assumption that God cannot be empirically observed is invalidated. This is to say that when the theist brings up evidence like the fine-tuning of the universe, the existence of morality, or the necessity of an “unmoved mover,” nay-sayers will respond that the theist is simply using God as a convenient “filler” to explain anything to which we do not yet know the answer (this is where we often hear the term “God of the gaps”). I: Introduction §1VIIIIBeing of Man in General §2XIIIIEssence of Religion in General. Print. Ludwig Feuerbach’s Hypothesis of Religion as a ‘Projection’. LUDWIG FEUERBACH AND THE INVENTED GOD: UNDERSTANDING AND RESPONDING AS CHRISTIANS, One obstacle often faced by those who deny the existence of God is how to account for the billions of people throughout history who have felt so deeply convinced of His existence. Communism gained many followers because of its claim to be the means by which humans can cease to rely on religion and begin to rely on themselves; refashioned Buddhism has found a large audience in the West as it teaches the importance of “looking within” to find peace; our bookstores are filled with self-help manuals and our stages with feel-good preachers that cry out for us to “know thyself” rather than to know God. By this fear thou destroyest the unity of they feeling with itself, in imagining to thyself an objective being distinct from thy feeling…Feeling is thy own inward power, but at the same time a power distinct from thee, and independent of thee; it is in thee, above thee; it is itself that which constitutes the objective in thee—thy own being which impresses thee as another being; in short, thy God.[10]. The 28th of July 1804 from an anthropological viewpoint.—Survey of inquiries into immortality lead! 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