Considered to be predictions of a hazard but not accurate with regard to the exact time and place of the hazard. 4 Royal Academy of Engineering Blue Gold ©Khalid Hossain Ayon and Anis Pervez. Time lines can also be used to track the impacts of different policy or programme initiatives. - Value differences because diversity can then create strength rather than division. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030. In order to become actionable, the blue economy concept must be supported by a trusted and diversified knowledge base, and complemented with management and development resources that help inspire and support innovation. In spite of this uncertainty, the current state of knowledge is sufficient to understand that these impacts will be felt on critical marine and coastal ecosystems throughout the world and that they fundamentally affect any approach to the management of marine resources, including by adding a new and increasing sense of urgency. These tools include time line, community mapping, seasonal diagrams, activity clocks, children's drawings, transect walks, time trend, and the needs matrix. Participatory Assessment Methods i. - Identify Hazards: by finding records that show causes of incidents and disasters / adverse events and identifying local patterns of loss events But commonly, nuclear power is categorised separately from ‘renewables’. The decision needs to be made which aspect will be considered first, hazard or community. Once everyone agrees on the list, the group can discuss the following: Vulnerability is further described as the characteristics that limit an individual, a household, a community, a city, a country or even an ecosystem's capacity to anticipate, resist, manage or recover from the impact of a threat, whether natural or otherwise. Further participatory research encourage active participation of the people that is researched and whom the project is going to assist. The first — related to an enduring obsession among climate wonks— has to do with the limitations of existing modeling. High rates of population growth; 2. To upscale implementation and enforcement at national level, policies are needed that support sustainable financing mechanisms. With currently 1.2 billion tourists crossing borders each year, tourism has a profound and wide-ranging impact on societies, the environment and the economy. Three elements make a EWS: When making a time line and showing events as they occurred over time to the present, it can be used to identify and analyse trends over time. - The past doesn't automatically dictate the future and reality is created in the moment and at any given time there are multiple realities or paths to follow. rising HDI) Employment effects – sustained growth stimulates jobs and contributes to lower unemployment rates which is turn helps to reduce income inequality. Humans derive many tangible and intangible benefits from coastal areas, providing essential components for social and economic development especially of less developed coastal states and island states. - Let them use arrows to indicate the use of resources to and from households However if a more thorough vulnerability assessment is required, the Philippine Citizen's Disaster Response Network (CDRN) also developed a checklist of vulnerability indicators to assess, particularly with regard to food insecurity and malnutrition since disasters affect people's livelihood strategies. 4. The social mapping tool (diagram) can be made by a team working with the community in the following way: - Plan a group discussion with key-informants present (older people, leaders, teachers, etc.). The psychological vulnerability of the community increase if they feel victimised, fatalistic and dependent. Sustainable Development Estimate costs and benefits: resources are always limited, therefore establish the maximum output with the minimum input. This article discusses some of the latest developments in three main areas of sustainability themes, namely energy, water and environment, that emerged from three Sustainable Development of Energy, Water … - Initiate appropriate action to warnings Sustainable livelihoods cover a wide agenda and issues may be uncovered that cannot be addressed for whatever reason and in this may unduly raise expectations. - Draw diagrams to facilitate discussion on livelihood sources To analyse, a diagram need to be made that shows key organisations, groups and individuals in a community, the relationship between them and their levels of importance. - Identify periods of stress, hazards, diseases, hunger, debt and vulnerability The objective is to empower those threatened by hazards to move timeously to appropriate action to reduce the possibility of personal injury, loss of life and damage to property or environment. - Pollution related disasters A blue economy provides SIDS and coastal LDCs with a basis to pursue a low-carbon and resource-efficient path to economic growth and development designed to enhance livelihoods for the poor, create employment opportunities, and reduce poverty. These disasters are difficult to control due to the disorganized nature of socio-economic life in these informal settlements. The time factor is relevant because decisions our grandparents made affect us today and decisions our generation make today will affect the future generations. - The focus becomes reality and if the focus is based solely on the negative it can ensnare us. The methodology for constructing a seasonal calendar includes the following: ' Identifying particulars of the individual / organisation that is planning to get involved in the community in order to influence risk reduction behaviour. Community Capacity and Vulnerability analysis: During a disaster, the vulnerability of a community is more pronounced than the capacities. Land uses and covers will vary according to seasons and therefore asset maps can be done and linked to seasonal calendars or historical timelines that highlight important trends and changing patterns of land use or cover. 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